Epiretinal membrane is the formation of a bright and transparent membrane-shaped tissue above the central retina (eye nerve) region, which provides sharp and colorful vision in the eye.
There is a risk of developing this membrane in about 5% of individuals aged 50-75 years. It is commonly known as membrane formation in the eye. Causes include senescence, diabetes, vascular occlusion, and laser applied to the retina. However, there is often no reason.
Diagnosis is made by detailed eye examination, drop eye examination (behind the eye) and eye nerve tomography (OCT). In this age group, cataract is often accompanied by the disease.
The most common symptom of the disease is the loss of central vision, a complaint seen in front of the eye. Patients say that they see objects that they look different than they are and trapezoid, larger or smaller than normal.
The treatment of the epiretinal membrane is surgical. In operation, this membrane is removed by peeling off the yellow dot (macula). The decision for surgery is determined by the rate of decrease in vision during the examination. Patients with good vision are monitored for progress. Postoperative vision loss can be recovered. However, a certain time is required for recovery. In addition, recurrence of membranes can be seen after surgery.